Managers can avoid significant threats and capitalize on opportunities by understanding and planning for risks. Anticipating risks in project management is crucial for a project’s accomplishment. Understanding potential pitfalls ensures that teams are well-prepared and set up for success. 

Being proactive with risk analysis helps set realistic objectives and safeguards against time-consuming and costly oversights. Here are various project risk management examples that can emerge during the course of a project.

Scope creep

Scope risk, or “scope creep”, refers to the unexpected and uncontrolled expansion of a project’s objectives beyond its original intentions. This typically happens when project goals aren’t precisely outlined from the start or when requirements change partway through the project.

Imagine a mobile app development project where the initial requirement was to build a simple weather app. Midway through, stakeholders decide they want a feature that provides weather-based outfit recommendations. This addition, if not initially accounted for, can stretch resources, time, and budget.

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How to mitigate scope creep

Before kicking off a project, it’s essential to solidify and agree upon the objectives, ensuring they are both clear and comprehensive.

This foundational step minimizes any potential ambiguities and helps prevent unplanned alterations in the project’s scope. Engaging with stakeholders right from the get-go is paramount; it establishes a shared vision and delineates the project’s boundaries.

Furthermore, scheduling regular progress reviews is crucial to keep the project aligned with its initial objectives. These check-ins also provide an opportunity to course-correct if deviations arise.

Performance risks

Performance risk pertains to a project’s potential not meeting its predefined success criteria or expectations. It simply means the project does not deliver the anticipated benefits or results despite meeting budgetary and time constraints.

Consider a software company that develops an application, adhering to its budget and time constraints. The application functions perfectly upon launch but fails to attract users or generate the expected revenue. Though the project was completed as planned, it didn’t achieve the desired impact in the market.

How to mitigate performance risks

Spotting potential performance hazards from the start of a project is vital. This might mean assessing the current market landscape, going deep into users’ needs, and staying ahead of technological shifts. Leveraging project management software can be invaluable, allowing real-time oversight of processes and ensuring that each milestone aligns with the envisioned outcomes, paving the way for efficiency and accountability.

Equally crucial is nurturing transparent communication among the team. By doing so, any performance-related issues can be identified early. Moreover, conducting regular assessments of the project’s trajectory and accomplishments ensures it remains within its initial objectives. Such reviews allow for recalibrating strategies and maintaining the project’s alignment with its desired performance targets.

Also read: 5 Common Project Management Mistakes to Avoid

External hazard risks

External hazard risks refers to unpredictable events stemming from external factors beyond project management’s control. These risks can be natural, such as climatic events, or man-made, like vandalism, terrorism, or societal disruptions. These factors can significantly affect the project’s timeline, cost, and quality.

Imagine a construction company building a high-rise in a coastal city. While they’ve accounted for standard weather conditions, an unexpected severe storm surge floods the construction site, causing damage and halting work. This natural disaster was beyond the company’s control but has now affected the project’s budget and timeline.

How to mitigate external hazard risk

While external hazards are unpredictable, proactive steps can lessen their impact. Use historical and political data to regularly assess risks based on the project’s locale and nature. Have contingency plans ready, such as alternate work sites or emergency resources. Insurance is essential to cover potential damages and delays. 

Ensure swift communication methods are in place to inform stakeholders promptly about any risks, and always prioritize personnel safety. Incorporate practices like safety drills or stocking emergency supplies. This multi-pronged approach can help mitigate unforeseen challenges effectively.

Technology risks

Technology risks cover the potential challenges and threats posed by the integration and dependency on technology within a project. These project risks range from technical failures, cyber-attacks, and system breaches to the fast-paced evolution of technology itself.

Consider a company implementing a new Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system. If the software isn’t properly vetted for compatibility, it might not integrate well with existing systems. Moreover, without proper security measures, the company’s customer data could be exposed to cyber threats.

How to mitigate technology risks

Ensuring robust cybersecurity measures, including firewalls, encryption, and routine security audits, is vital to fend off cyber threats. It’s also important to have backup systems and data storage to counteract technical issues, preventing data loss or unplanned downtime. Regular training keeps personnel adept at navigating new technologies and alerts them to potential risks and best practices.

Moreover, a clear contingency plan should be ready in the event of technological disruptions, possibly involving a shift to backup systems or manual methods. Lastly, staying abreast of the latest tech and security updates can shield against many potential weaknesses.

Also Read: Project Management Tracking: What to Track in Your Projects

Operational risks

Operational risk pertains to potential disruptions arising from internal processes, people, systems, or external events that impact the day-to-day functioning of a project. Such risks might manifest from changes in team roles, shifts in management, procedural changes, or system failures. These events can interrupt the smooth execution of a project and hinder its success.

Consider a software development company that adopts a new project management tool. If the migration is smooth, the team might need help with the transition, leading to miscommunication, delays in task assignments, or even data losses.

How to mitigate operational risks

Although challenging, operational risk can be mitigated through anticipation and preparation. If you foresee a change, you can ease the transition by ensuring your team is well-prepared and has time to adjust. 

This preparation might involve regular team meetings to discuss upcoming changes, utilizing scheduling tools to plan workflow adjustments, and providing additional training if new processes are introduced.

Communication risks

Lack of clarity in a project is a significant risk that arises from miscommunication, ambiguous project scopes, and unclear timelines. This uncertainty can lead to isolated tasks, exceeding budgetary constraints, missing deadlines, shifting project requirements, altering project directions, or ultimately resulting in unsatisfactory outcomes. It’s essentially a byproduct of not having well-defined parameters or transparent communication throughout the project’s lifespan.

Imagine a mobile app development team beginning work based on a basic overview without detailed specifications. As they progressed, they realized the stakeholders had different functionalities and design aesthetics in mind. This lack of clarity means the team has to redo certain sections, leading to delays and increased costs.

How to mitigate communication risks

Begin with well-defined scopes, objectives, and deadlines to minimize vagueness and align everyone’s expectations. Utilize a central tool or platform to keep everyone on the same page, thus avoiding siloed work. Regular meetings with stakeholders and team members foster collaboration and alignment.

Consider strategies to bridge cultural and linguistic differences if the team is diverse. Encourage open communication channels, so team members can ask questions, seek clarification, and provide feedback. It also helps ensure the tools and technologies are user-friendly and reliable.

Cost risks

Cost risk refers to the potential for a project to exceed its allocated budget. This can occur for various reasons, such as poor initial budgeting, scope changes mid-project, unforeseen complications, or inaccuracies in cost estimation. Overruns can hinder the project’s progress and may stall its completion if the budget cannot be adjusted or supplemented.

For example, a company plans to upgrade its IT infrastructure. While budgeting, they overlooked the costs associated with training staff on the new systems. Midway through the project, they realize their oversight. Now, they’re faced with additional costs outside the initial budget, putting the project at risk of going over budget or needing to be completed to its full potential.

How to mitigate cost risk

Regularly comparing the budget to actual costs is critical, allowing early identification of discrepancies and prompt corrective measures. Project plan templates can align stakeholders on deliverables, scope, and timelines, ensuring collective financial goal alignment. A contingency fund or plan is always intelligent, setting aside resources for unexpected costs.

Additionally, continually revisiting vendor contracts can provide opportunities for negotiation, ensuring maximum value. Lastly, consistent risk assessments can spotlight potential budgetary threats, allowing for the formulation of mitigation strategies.

Skills resource risks

Skills resource risk pertains to the potential shortfalls in the necessary skills, expertise, or knowledge among the project team members. This can mean the team needs to be more adequately prepared to meet project requirements or handle unexpected challenges. Such risks can emerge from various factors, from team member turnover to unexpected complexities or even changes in project scope.

This project risk manifests in a software development project where team members lack expertise in a newly required programming language. The unexpected shift in technical requirements can lead to delays in the project timeline, require additional training, and increase costs, impacting the overall quality and stakeholder satisfaction.

How to mitigate skill resource risks

At the onset of a project, it’s important to comprehensively assess required skills and compare them with existing resources to pinpoint discrepancies. Address these gaps by investing in training programs that equip team members for specific project demands. Always have a contingency plan for the unexpected unavailability of essential personnel, which might entail cross-training or having backup external experts.

Embrace a flexible staffing approach, alternating between permanent and contractual roles, especially when niche skills are needed. Encourage team feedback about their skill-based concerns and frequently evaluate the skill demands against the current resources throughout the project’s duration to adjust as necessary.

What are the benefits of project risk management?

Project risk management isn’t just about averting pitfalls; it’s a strategic approach that paves the way for smoother project execution. Let’s explore these benefits in detail:

Risk management provides quality data that helps make informed decisions. It allows project managers and stakeholders to understand the potential risks and their impacts, leading to more effective decision-making processes.

Effective risk management can help identify potential risks early, allowing teams to address them before they become significant problems. This leads to fewer surprises during the project lifecycle.

If project managers can manage an unforeseen risk due to careful project planning, everyone wins, and the resulting return on investment should be high for all stakeholders involved.

Risk management helps to identify potential risks that could impact the project’s budget and timeline. By addressing these risks early, project managers can save resources, money, and time that would otherwise be spent addressing these issues after they occur.

Also read: The Importance of Risk Management in Construction Projects

What project risk management tool can you use?

Selecting the right tool is crucial for effective project risk management. With myriad options available, it’s essential to find one that aligns with your project’s needs and complexity. Here are some options:


Wrike offers advanced risk management software to protect businesses during crucial times. It aids teams in staying on track, providing instant alerts, and offering detailed insights through its robust risk management tools.

Wrike project risk management features:

  • Timely project risk prediction: Utilizes machine learning to provide detailed alerts and insights, enabling quick reactions to prevent costly delays.
  • Cross-team alignment: Facilitates communication about potential risks and promotes collaboration to address them.
  • Scope management: Helps avoid scope creep and ensures projects remain on budget and on time.
  • Visual work management: Offers features like Kanban boards, Table view, Gantt charts, and customizable project management dashboards for risk visualization.


Smartsheet offers a dynamic platform tailored to match the evolving needs of project teams. By providing real-time visibility and reporting, Smartsheet ensures that teams are always informed and can proactively address potential risks.

Smartsheet project risk management features:

  • Real-time reporting: Offers roll-up reports, dashboards, and automated workflows for instant insights.
  • Flexibility: Adapts to the unique needs of each team, promoting efficiency.
  • Collaboration: Facilitates communication and ensures everyone is on the same page.
  • Automated workflows: Keeps the team connected and informed, reducing the chances of oversights.


ClickUp is a comprehensive platform for productivity, allowing teams to monitor project updates, manage risks, and collaborate seamlessly. It offers a feature-rich experience that aids in work management and is designed to benefit teams across various industries.

ClickUp project risk management features:

  • Dashboards: Provides a high-level overview of every project aspect, allowing users to customize and visualize their data using over 50 widgets.
  • Native time-tracking: This helps teams understand how they spend their time, which is crucial for risk management. 
  • Automations: More than 100 ways to automate workflows, ensuring tasks, statuses, and priorities are updated in real-time.
  • Customizable templates: Offers a wide range of templates, including risk management templates, to streamline processes and ensure consistency.

Also read: What Is Vendor Risk Management Software & Do You Need It?


Project risk analysis is the process of identifying, assessing, and prioritizing uncertainties in a project. It aims to minimize potential negative outcomes by developing strategies to address and mitigate risks, ensuring the project stays on track to meet its objectives.

A risk register is a centralized document or tool that lists identified risks, their severity, and actions to manage them. It aids in tracking and prioritizing risks, ensuring systematic responses, and promoting proactive project management.

Choosing the right project management software for your business

If you’re ready to take the plunge into a new project management solution, TechnologyAdvice has you covered. For a comprehensive list of options and a comparison tool, check out our Project Management Software Guide.

TechnologyAdvice is able to offer our services for free because some vendors may pay us for web traffic or other sales opportunities. Our mission is to help technology buyers make better purchasing decisions, so we provide you with information for all vendors — even those that don’t pay us.

Featured partners