March 26, 2024

Project Manager Job Description & Responsibilities

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Key takeaways

  • Project managers have multiple responsibilities throughout a project’s lifecycle, including in the pre-planning and post-launch phases.
  • A successful project manager is a good communicator and leader who excels in time management, strategic planning, and risk management.
  • The right project management software can help project managers juggle all of their obligations to their team and the client.

8 core responsibilities of a project manager

Project managers must balance a number of different responsibilities to complete a project successfully. These core responsibilities illustrate some of their most important skills, priorities, and areas of focus:

1. Define project parameters and big-picture goals

In the earliest stages of project planning, project managers must meet with internal and/or external project stakeholders to understand their big picture goals and expectations.

Because this pre-planning or “discovery phase” may be too early for stakeholders to know what they need and what they can afford, it is the project manager’s job to help them understand what’s possible and prioritize the most important project deliverables if budget runs low. If necessary, the project manager may also need to bring in subject matter experts to explain how the project team will handle specific requests or tasks.

2. Assemble and lead a project team

Whether or not they have direct people management responsibilities, project managers are responsible for assembling and leading a team of professionals who have the necessary skills and availability. These may be software developers, data analysts, digital marketers and designers, finance specialists, or business associates, depending on the type of project work. 

Project managers may also indirectly manage and coordinate more experienced specialists, including client success managers, technical or finance leads, product managers, QA testers, and risk managers.

3. Identify and schedule project tasks and resources

Once a basic project outline and team members are in place, project managers need to determine what will be required to complete the project. This involves setting more specific project milestones that fold into the project’s bigger goals.

More specifically, project managers need to allocate resources and create detailed timelines for each project task and subtask; this step is particularly crucial to staying on budget and deadline.

4. (Re)set deadlines

In theory, setting deadlines for a project should be fairly easy, but it’s often necessary for project managers to pivot around unexpected obstacles. To keep an eye out for potential scope creep or bottlenecks that will impact project timelines, project managers must regularly check in with both project team members and clients to gauge task progress, overall satisfaction, and any new project variables or goals that may arise.

5. Maintain internal team communications and schedules

Project managers typically oversee multiple project team members who are individually responsible for different tasks, deliverables, and deadlines. It is important for the project manager to set reasonable deadlines across all of these roles and proactively communicate wins, challenges, and other helpful project updates.

In addition to one-on-one messaging, project managers must facilitate teamwide communication and collaboration to ensure everyone understands how they contribute to bigger project goals. Effective internal communications help strengthen team morale and interpersonal relationships, leading to smoother projects overall.

6. Maintain stakeholder communications

One of the most important responsibilities of a project manager is stakeholder relationship management. Whether the project is internal-only or a collaboration with external clients, all projects have stakeholders with unique expectations, goals, and priorities.

Project managers need to stay in constant communication with these individuals about the project’s progress. Regular status updates establish strong stakeholder relationships with mutual trust and bidirectional communication — stakeholders often have important updates that will help move the project forward.

Get started: How to Create a Project Status Report [Template & Examples]

7. Anticipate and mitigate project risks

Whether it’s scope creep, resource constraints, other limitations, project managers must proactively prepare for as many risks as possible and take action to address problems as soon as they surface. Known risks should be acknowledged at the start of a project, and as new risks come to light, the project manager needs to communicate both the problem and viable solutions to all stakeholders in a timely fashion.

8. Monitor and report on project progress and performance

Progress tracking at macro and micro levels is an important part of a project manager’s job. The project plan should identify which metrics the project manager will use to track progress and how often stakeholders will receive status updates. Depending on the project’s requirements, project managers may need to report progress on a daily, weekly, monthly, or quarterly basis.

Project manager requirements and qualifications

While there are no legal requirements to become a professional project manager, several organizations share similar requirements and prerequisites:

  • Previous experience working on a project team.
  • Previous people or team management experience.
  • Previous customer service or client-facing work experience.
  • Previous experience in a particular industry or niche.
  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree in business administration or industry-specific field.
  • Experience with project management software tools and relevant methodologies.
  • The Project Management Professional (PMP) certification from the Project Management Institute or other project management certifications.

Key skills for a project manager

Industries like software development, healthcare, and construction often require specialized project management skills and expertise, but all project managers must have the same fundamental skills regardless of their industry:

  • Strong verbal and written communication, with an emphasis on stakeholder management.
  • Organization.
  • Individual and team-focused time management.
  • Strategic problem-solving and conflict-resolution.
  • Risk management and data analysis.
  • Project scheduling and forecasting.
  • Leadership and delegation.
  • Adaptability and listening.
  • Budgeting and resource management.

Important tools and software for a project manager

Some of the most important tools project managers need to be effective include project management and project portfolio management (PPM) software, time tracking software, version control and developer tools, and collaboration and communication tools.

Project and portfolio management software

Project management and PPM software can be used to organize, automate, and analyze individual components of a project or multiple projects. Many project management solutions include time tracking, communication, billing and invoicing, and other helpful features for all aspects of the project lifecycle.

Examples:

  • monday work management.
  • Trello.
  • Asana.
  • ClickUp.
  • Wrike.
A sample monday work management dashboard displays task details for multiple clients and deliverables.
A project management tool like monday work management helps project managers quickly track overall progress, task statuses, and individual team members’ hours. Source: monday.com

Time tracking software

Time tracking software helps project team members track time spent on projects or project tasks, which can be helpful for more accurate billing and scope management. Time tracking is often built into project management software.

Examples:

  • ClickUp.
  • Celoxis.
  • Teamwork.
  • Wrike.
  • Toggl Track.

Version control and app development software

For more technical projects and initiatives, it may be necessary to invest in version control or app development software. This can help your team better visualize progress, collaboratively work on tasks, and easily handle rollbacks when needed.

Examples:

  • Jira Software.
  • Airtable.
  • ProofHub.
  • Azure DevOps Server.
  • Git.
An example of how users can manage different versions of a product in development within Jira Software.
Jira’s specialized software development features make it easy to plan for future releases. Source: Atlassian

Collaboration and communication software

Collaboration and communication software enable project teams to align with each other on projects and individual tasks. These tools may support messaging, comment threads, and/or video calling. Many of these features are also baked into project management software, as you’ll see in the examples listed below.

Examples:

  • Slack.
  • Microsoft Teams.
  • Google Docs.
  • Hive.
  • Trello.

FAQs

A project manager is a professional who manages the entire lifecycle of a project, whether it’s an internal or external initiative.

Project managers handle planning, tactical, and strategic work that goes into their assigned projects. They may manage multiple people, resources, deadlines, and deliverables and need strong time management and strategic problem-solving skills.

Project managers manage individual projects and focus on each project’s unique problems and goals. Program managers oversee strategic outcomes, bigger-picture planning, and higher-level risk mitigation for multiple projects simultaneously.

Project managers focus on tasks, milestones, and deliverables for their projects, which may or may not involve product development. Product managers focus on product vision and overall product development strategy, ensuring the final product meets user expectations.


Shelby Hiter Avatar

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Featured project management partners

1 monday.com

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monday.com Work OS is the project management software that helps you and your team plan, execute, and track projects and workflows in one collaborative space. Manage everything from simple to complex projects more efficiently with the help of visual boards, 200+ ready-made templates, clever no-code automations, and easy integrations. In addition, custom dashboards simplify reporting, so you can evaluate your progress and make data-driven decisions.

Learn more about monday.com

2 Quickbase

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Big ideas aren’t simple to execute. So we’re here to help you tackle any project, no matter how complex. We’re Quickbase.

Quickbase helps customers see, connect and control complex projects that reshape our world. Whether it’s raising a skyscraper or coordinating vaccine rollouts, the no-code software platform allows business users to custom fit solutions to the way they work – using information from across the systems they already have.

Learn more about Quickbase

3 Wrike

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Wrike’s top-notch workflow management software allows you to easily visualize priorities, boost collaboration, and maintain control of your projects. Bonus: you can move seamlessly between apps, without logging in or out. Wrike has more than 400+ integrations with popular platforms such as Google, Dropbox, Microsoft Office, and many more. Automation and AI features strip away time-consuming admin tasks so you can do the best work of your life.

Learn more about Wrike

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